Refugee Journeys: Andrew S. Grove – Hungary, 1956
December 27, 2010 by The IRC
|Andrew S. Grove Photo: Jim Gaffey|
"I feel a very strong personal connection to what refugees are experiencing today. The remnants of an experience that you survived shape you. Make you more anxious. Make you more empathetic. Make you angrier. Make you whatever… It becomes part of your genetic makeup."
- Andrew S. Grove
Andrew S. Grove was born in Budapest, Hungary, in 1936. While his father spent World War II as a conscript laborer for the Hungarian army and then in a Russian prison camp, young Andrew and his mother used forged identity papers as they hid from Nazi soldiers who were rounding up Jews.
In 1956, when Soviet troops swept into Budapest and quashed the Hungarian Revolution, Grove made a dangerous nighttime escape across the border into Austria. With help from IRC volunteers in Vienna, he was accepted for admission to the United States, and the International Rescue Committee helped resettle him when he arrived in New York in January 1957.
He graduated from the City College of New York in 1960 with a Bachelor of Chemical Engineering degree and received his Ph.D. from the University of California, Berkeley in 1963. Five years after Grove’s arrival in the United States, his parents were permitted to leave Hungary and joined him in California.
In 1968, Grove participated in the founding of Intel Corporation. In 1979 he was named its president, and in 1987 he was named chief executive officer. In 1997 he was named chairman and CEO, and a year later he relinquished his CEO title. He stepped down as chairman in 2005, and remains senior advisor.
Grove has written over 40 technical papers and holds several patents on semiconductor devices and technology. He taught a graduate course in semiconductor device physics at the University of California, Berkeley for six years and is currently a lecturer at the Stanford University Graduate School of Business.
Grove’s autobiography, Swimming Across, was published in 2001. His first book, Physics and Technology of Semiconductor Devices, has been used at leading American universities. He has written a number of books on managing and strategy.
Time magazine named Grove “man of the year” in 1997. In 2004, he was honored as the most Influential Business Person in the last Twenty-five Years by the Wharton School of Business and the Nightly Business Report.
Grove was elected to the IRC Board of Directors in 1999 and became an IRC overseer in 2004. He also heads the Grove Foundation, a private philanthropic organization that supports research on Parkinson’s Disease.
Andrew S. Grove is one of 10 distinguished refugees who were honored by the International Rescue Committee at our 2010 Freedom Award Dinner in New York City. Check back each Monday for a new story of a refugee who has fled tyranny and persecution and who has made the most of the opportunity to begin again and thrive in the U.S. You can see all of the stories posted so far here.