April 2024 marks one year since fighting broke out between rival factions of Sudan’s security force, the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) and the Rapid Support Forces (RSF), engulfing Sudan in conflict. The conflict has directly killed at least 14,700 people, and injured almost 30,000 more. Due to extensive fighting, at least one-third of the population is displaced, and nearly half the population–25 million people–are in need of humanitarian assistance. In Darfur, mass killings and displacement have led to reports of ethnic violence.

Sudan’s conflict has had a catastrophic impact on almost every aspect of daily life in the country. The scale and extent of Sudan’s deteriorating humanitarian crisis propelled it to the top of the IRC’s 2024 Emergency Watchlist, the IRC’s assessment of the 20 countries at greatest risk of new humanitarian emergencies each year.

This report aims to identify the multifaceted repercussions of the year-long conflict in Sudan by synthesizing research from IRC and other organizations and incorporating case studies from IRC clients displaced in Sudan, South Sudan, Chad, and Uganda.