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Venezuelans cross the Simon Bolivar Bridge into Colombia on foot
Venezuela crisis

Colombia

The International Rescue Committee provides lifesaving support to Venezuelans fleeing violence and instability and seeking safety in Colombia.

Country facts
  • Population: 48.7 million
  • People displaced by crisis: At least 935,000 Venezuelans
  • Rank in Human Development Index: 95
IRC response
  • Started work in Colombia: 2001, Venezuela crisis response - 2018
  • People served: 1,650

Crisis briefing

Colombia is a lifeline for Venezuelans fleeing insecurity, instability and violence. Hundreds of thousands of Venezuelans have crossed the border and that number continues to rise. The IRC launched an emergency response to provide lifesaving support to those in need.

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What caused the current crisis in Colombia?

Violence and economic crisis have forced over 2.3 million Venezuelans to flee the country since 2014.

A woman in a group of Colombians and Venezuelans waiting outside a soup kitchen
Colombians and Venezuelans wait for a meal outside a soup kitchen in Cúcuta, Colombia. The presence of hundreds of thousands of refugees in the country has strained services for Colombians who are also in need. Photo: Iris V. Ebert/IRC

As of July 2018, an estimated 935,000 have sought safety in Colombia and at least 35,000 reach official crossing points every day to purchase food and receive vital medical assistance; approximately 5,000 do not return. Others cross illegally and are exposed to recruitment and robbery by Colombian organized crime groups.

As political conflict and economic turmoil continue to overtake Venezuela, there is no end in sight for this crisis.

What are the main humanitarian challenges in Colombia?

Sofia and Luis stand with their two young sons and baby daughter
Sofia and Luis, Venezuelan transportation workers, fled to Colombia with their two sons and baby daughter. They have been finding odd jobs to feed their family, but lately a leg injury has kept Luis out of work. Photo: Iris V. Ebert/IRC

Venezuelans who remain in Colombia have very little or no money and no immediate and safe opportunities to earn income. As a result, many risk being exploited by violent groups.

Women and children are the most vulnerable during transit. Often separated from their families, they risk being recruited into gangs, sexually violated, and left living and working on the streets.

Venezuela continues to be plagued by malnutrition, lack of medical supplies, high homicide rates and the spread of diseases such as malaria and measles. 

Colombia struggles to provide lifesaving resources to hundreds of thousands of Venezuelans seeking safety and shelter.

How does the IRC help in Colombia?

The IRC’s mission is to help people whose lives and livelihoods are shattered by conflict and disaster to survive, recover and gain control of their future.

Antonio gives a man a haircut
This man gives haircuts in Cúcuta, Colombia to earn money to buy diapers. He and his wife, who is still living in Venezuela, are expecting a baby--and one package of diapers costs three months' salary back home. Photo: Iris V. Ebert/IRC

In 2018, the IRC launched an emergency response to this rapidly deteriorating crisis in the city of Cúcuta, Colombia, the principal crossing point for thousands of Venezuelans. We are focusing on protecting children and adolescents; protecting and empowering women; providing access to health care; and supporting people’s economic wellbeing.  

Inside Venezuela, the IRC supports with partner organizations to deliver and scale up lifesaving support, including health and maternal care.

What still needs to be done?

The IRC’s work in Colombia is more critical than ever as the country struggles to support hundreds of thousands of Venezuelans fleeing economic crisis and conflict. We pledge to put the needs of those most affected by crisis, specifically women and girls, at the forefront of our efforts and to achieve measurable improvements in the following areas:

Tania, an elderly Venezuelan woman who is now homeless in Colombia
After fleeing threats of violence across the border in Venezuela, Tania is now homeless in Cúcuta, Colombia. She lives on the kindness of strangers and the money she makes recycling plastic bottles. Photo: Iris V. Ebert/IRC

Safety

People should be safe in their communities and receive support when they experience harm. To that end, the IRC launched the “Familias hacen la diferencia” (Families make a difference) program, which provides case management and psychosocial support services for children who have been harmed or are at risk of being harmed. It also works with parents to reduce violence in the home and community. 

The IRC is also providing programming to ensure that women and girls who have survived violence are safe and receive the support they need to recover and grow.

Economic Wellbeing

People should have the means to meet basic needs; they should have opportunities to earn an income and build their assets. The IRC has already provided nearly $125,000 in cash assistance benefiting hundreds of people. We will continue to distribute cash cards to empower people to freely select goods and services according to their needs and preferences.

Health

People should be protected from illness and receive medical treatment when they need it. The IRC is providing reproductive health services such as a drop-in center, and maternal and sexual health services, as well as providing referrals for primary health services and care for children under the age of five. 

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