- Total population: 196 million
- People displaced by crisis: 3.2 million
- Rank in Human Development Index: 147 out of 188
- Started work in Pakistan: 1980
- On track to aid: 1.4 million by the end of 2020
Pakistan crisis briefing
Pakistan, located in South Asia, is one of the most disaster-prone countries in the world. The International Rescue Committee helps vulnerable Pakistanis rebuild from natural disasters and assists refugees from neighboring Afghanistan.
What caused the current crisis in Pakistan?
Pakistan has become increasingly vulnerable to humanitarian crises due to regional instability, climate change and widespread poverty.
Disasters both natural and man-made have plagued the country for over a decade. Earthquakes and monsoon floods frequently effect millions, rendering them homeless and in need of food, water and shelter. At the same time Pakistan is working to eradicate terrorism from the country.
To address emerging humanitarian needs, the government of Pakistan has adopted the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals. These include no poverty, good health and wellbeing, and quality education.
What are the main humanitarian challenges in Pakistan?
Pakistan has several populations each with a unique set of humanitarian challenges: communities that have been displaced by violence; many registered and unregistered Afghan refugees; and people uprooted by natural disasters such as floods or drought.
Given such challenges, quality of life for many Pakistanis suffers greatly. Many children lack basic education and are unprepared for life and work.
Additionally, health care services often do not offer support for the unique needs of women and girls. A high number of women die during, before or after childbirth; and girls often do not have enough information to make informed decisions about their health.
How does the IRC help in Pakistan?
The International Rescue Committee’s mission is to help people whose lives and livelihoods are shattered by conflict and disaster to survive, recover and gain control of their future.
We first began working in Pakistan in 1980, providing emergency relief, health care, education, job training and other essential services in affected communities. Since then, the IRC has expanded to support communities in all eight provinces and territories of Pakistan.
As vulnerable Pakistanis struggle to recover from poverty and humanitarian challenges, we are focusing our efforts in Islamabad, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Sindh, Punjab and Balochistan by:
- assisting flood and earthquake survivors with emergency relief and ongoing services;
- building and repairing schools;
- setting up "child-friendly spaces" where children can safely play, learn and start to heal from trauma;
- providing clean water and sanitation, and encouraging good hygiene;
- supporting primary and reproductive healthcare through facilities in rural areas;
- offering job training and promoting job creation;
- providing cash assistance to help vulnerable families rebuild and meet basic needs;
- working to improve the reading skills of 1.3 million children across Pakistan through the Pakistan Reading Project;
- empowering vulnerable communities with choice and freedom by emphasizing the use of cash over in-kind humanitarian assistance;
- responding quickly to emergencies through our country emergency team.
- investing in preparedness and risk reduction of the communities most prone to disasters through school and village-based disaster risk management and reduction initiatives.
What still needs to be done?
The International Rescue Committee’s work in Pakistan is more critical than ever as the country strives to assist millions of displaced citizens, Afghan refugees and other vulnerable communities. We pledge to put the needs of those most affected by such disasters and challenges, particularly women and girls, at the forefront of our efforts and to achieve measurable improvements in health, safety and education.
Download our Pakistan strategy action plan to learn more about our program priorities through 2020.