The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), with 920,000 new displacements related to conflict and violence in 2016, surpassed Syria as the country generating the largest new population movements. Those displacements were the result of enduring violence in North and South Kivu, but also of rapidly escalating conflicts in the Kasaï and Tanganyika provinces that continue unabated. In order to promote a better understanding of the drivers of the silent and neglected crisis in DRC, this Conflict Spotlight focuses on the inter-ethnic conflict between the Bantu and the Twa ethnic groups in Tanganyika. This conflict illustrates how marginalization of the Twa minority group due to a combination of limited access to resources, exclusion from local decision-making and systematic discrimination, can result in large-scale violence and displacement. Moreover, this document provides actionable recommendations for conflict transformation and resolution.