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An older man and refugee at a citizenship ceremony sits in front of a tree holding an American flag
Biden-Harris Administration

The first 100 days: How President Biden can support refugees and asylum seekers

Last updated 
Photo: Andrew Oberstadt/IRC

Any president assuming office in the midst of a global pandemic would be facing a staggering challenge. 

President Joe Biden stands at a podium giving a speech while Vice President Kamala Harris sits on stage. The new administration takes office after four years of Trump Administration policies that wreaked havoc on the lives of refugees and asylum seekers.
President Joe Biden and Vice President Kamala Harris. The new administration has the chance to rebuild America's role as a safe haven for people fleeing violence and persecution. Photo: Adam Schult/Biden for President

President Joe Biden is also beginning his term after four years of an administration that wreaked havoc on the lives of refugees, asylum seekers and other marginalized communities, as well as failed to lead on global crises ranging from COVID-19 to protracted conflicts to climate change.

The Biden Administration has the ability to turn all of this around and began the process on President Biden's first day in office with a new legislative proposal on immigration and executive orders on the Trump Administration’s 2017 travel ban and Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA), a program for undocumented immigrants brought to the U.S. as children. 

Here are seven executive orders and other concrete actions the new administration can take—and, in some cases, has already committed to—within its first 100 days. We’ll be updating this space with new developments as they happen.   

Welcome refugees after four years of record-low arrivals 

Updated: February 4, 2021

Refugee resettlement under the Trump Administration consisted of a race to the bottom, with arrivals declining by over 85% and hitting record lows nearly every year. 

As a candidate, President Biden committed to restoring the United States refugee resettlement program, which has historically enjoyed bipartisan support, by admitting 125,000 refugees in his first year in office. 

Each year, the president sets the annual refugee admissions goal through a process called the presidential determination. Just as President Trump slashed this number each year, President Biden can raise it to respond to the urgent global need, to offer hope to the world’s most vulnerable—and to ensure America lives up to its highest ideals. 

The new administration has already begun this process by announcing that the president will sign an executive order that outlines a framework to rebuild the program to take on the arrivals goal of 125,000 in fiscal year 2022, allowing refugees unfairly barred by the previous administration to find safety in the U.S. and families to be reunited.

The IRC is eager to work alongside the new administration, communities across the country and both Republican and Democratic leadership to rebuild this bipartisan, lifesaving program. Join us today by calling on President Biden to take action for refugees.  

Tell President Biden to take action for refugees

The new president has committed to rebuilding the United States's bipartisan legacy of welcome.

Reverse inhumane asylum policies and create a safe, orderly and fair process

Updated: February 19

Seeking asylum is legal—even during a pandemic.

Asylum seekers cross the U.S. border because they are fleeing violence and persecution. The Trump Administration’s inhumane policies have left behind a broken asylum system: Americans were horrified to see thousands of children separated from their parents. People seeking safety have been turned back to dangerous conditions. And, most recently, the administration used COVID-19 as an excuse to close the border altogether—without giving asylum seekers the chance to request sanctuary. 

Valentina, a refugee from El Salvador, stands on a bridge in Dallas, TX, and looks out over the water.

"In El Salvador, you don’t know if you’ll make it home alive at the end of the day," Valentina, a refugee resettled in Dallas, Texas, told the IRC.

Photo: Andrew Oberstadt/IRC

Through bold action in his first 100 days, President Biden can end the current crisis at the border and build a safe, orderly and fair process for asylum seekers. 

One priority is issuing an Executive Order to reverse a policy called the Migrant Protection Protocols (MPP) or “Remain in Mexico.” Under MPP, asylum seekers make their claim in front of a U.S. border official, then are sent right back to Mexico to wait for their case to be heard by an immigration judge in the U.S. Though local communities have made valiant efforts to welcome turned-away asylum seekers, resources are stretched thin and already-vulnerable families are finding themselves in danger of kidnapping and assault. On February 12, the Biden Administration announced plans to begin to provide a safe and credible pathway for 25,000 asylum seekers whose cases were stalled and who were forced to "Remain in Mexico" under this policy.

Of course, any actions the Biden Administration takes will be in the context of a global pandemic. To build a process that is both fair and safe, the administration must also send humanitarian assistance to the border, including COVID-19 testing resources and personal protective equipment (PPE). 

Finally, to solve the crisis for the long term, the administration should address the root causes of displacement from Central America such as violence and insecurity and open up more pathways to safety—including refugee resettlement—for people facing crises. The IRC was heartened to see much-needed aid to help make life safe and livable in Central America included in President Biden’s immigration bill, the U.S. Citizenship Act of 2021. The bill also includes the implementation of guidelines and protocols that uphold dignity and integrity to individuals in Customs and Border Patrol (CBP) custody, the reestablishment of a program which helped unaccompanied minors avoid making the life-threatening journey to the U.S, and greater capacity and funding for legal orientation and immigration courts, alongside a path to citizenship for 11 million undocumented immigrants who live, work, pay taxes and contribute to communities in the U.S. 

Learn more about how the Biden Administration can end the crisis at the U.S. southern border

Alejandra left Mexico to seek asylum in the U.S., where she hopes to find safety for herself and her 5-year-old daughter, Ana. “This was the only choice I had to protect my daughter,” she says.

Photo: Andrew Oberstadt/IRC

Fight COVID-19 globally 

Updated: January 21, 2021

COVID-19 has brought the world to its knees. When it comes to ending the pandemic, no solution will return us to normality—not even a vaccine—unless the response prioritizes the world’s most vulnerable countries. 

Humanitarian aid will be critical to this approach; the IRC is urging the administration to allocate $20 billion to combating the virus abroad. We are also urging a global approach when it comes to one of the most hopeful developments: COVID-19 vaccines. 

If all vaccines are approved, the U.S. has advance-purchased far more COVID-19 vaccine doses than are needed to fully immunize its eligible population—three times the amount, in fact. The Biden Administration should commit to sharing these excess doses, which could fully immunize 235 million people, for lifesaving use through an international effort called the COVAX Facility.  Made up of governments and manufacturers, the COVAX Facility was created to ensure the vaccine would reach low-income countries and the people in greatest need. 

The Biden Administration has already announced that it will join this initiative, a first step toward helping to protect 235 million people and defeat the virus for good.  

The same policy of prioritizing the most vulnerable applies at home as well. To be successful, President Biden’s COVID-19 domestic response must reach refugees, immigrants and other marginalized populations in the U.S. 

Rejoin the Paris Climate Agreement and the World Health Organization 

Updated: February 19, 2021

In 2019, more than half the countries most vulnerable to climate change were also experiencing humanitarian crises. On top of causing extreme weather events, a warming planet exacerbates ongoing emergencies such as conflict, hunger and forced displacement. 

The cost of not addressing climate change is far too high for the U.S. to sit on the sidelines. That's why the IRC applauds the Biden Administration for officially rejoining the U.S. to the Paris Climate Agreement.

A woman stands in a parched field in Ethiopia with mountains in the distance.

Conflict, climate change, desert locusts and the COVID-19 pandemic all further deepen the challenges facing Ethiopia in 2021.

Photo: Tyler Jump/IRC

When it comes to global leadership, the administration should also be commended for reviving the U.S.’s longstanding commitment to the World Health Organization, after the Trump Administration withdrew American participation. American leadership is needed to negotiate critical changes, such as humanitarian exceptions to COVID-19 travel restrictions—93 percent of humanitarians have reported impacts on their work—and the implementation of an urgent global ceasefire to halt attacks on civilians and civilian infrastructure, including health facilities. 

Prevent famine in Yemen 

Updated: February 8, 2021

Yemen has topped the IRC’s “Emergency Watchlist” for the third year in a row, a consequence of five years of war and a humanitarian response on the brink of collapse. With the fallout of the COVID-19 pandemic exacerbating Yemen’s already crisis levels of hunger, the World Food Program has warned that the country could face famine in 2021.

All sides of the war in Yemen have repeatedly flouted international law. Homes, hospitals, bridges and other critical civilian infrastructure are regularly damaged or destroyed by fighting; only half of the country’s medical facilities are still fully functional. 

The Biden Administration has taken a key first step toward ending this suffering. First the administration announced it would halt U.S. support for offensive operations in Yemen. IRC president and CEO David Miliband welcomed the news but added that it “needs urgently to be complemented by further action to relieve suffering.”

A man sits outside holding his child in his lap in a mountain village in Yemen where an IRC mobile health team provides care to families affected by conflict.

Yemen tops the IRC's annual Watchlist for the third year in a row: a consequence of over five years of major armed conflict and severe underfunding of humanitarian aid.

Photo: Kellie Ryan/IRC

Despite the urgent need, the United States and other large donors have withheld humanitarian pledges and funding. The U.S. in particular has partially suspended funding for lifesaving assistance in the areas controlled by Ansar Allah—the de facto state authorities controlling land that is home to 80% of Yemen’s population—since March 2020. The Trump Administration also designated Ansar Allah a Foreign Terrorist Organization (FTO) and Specially Designated Global Terrorist (SDGT) entity before President Biden reversed that decision.

The IRC knows all too well from our experience on the ground the deplorable tactics used by all sides in the conduct of this war. However, designating Ansar Allah a Foreign Terrorist Organization would not have ended these transgressions; instead, it threatened to make effective and efficient delivery of much-needed humanitarian aid all but impossible.  As Miliband pointed out in a statement, the Biden Administration can make an even more dramatic difference by increasing aid, negotiating a permanent cease fire and getting the diplomatic process moving.

Repeal the Trump Administration’s travel ban against Muslim-majority countries

Updated: January 20, 2021

One of the Trump Administration’s first acts in office was its travel ban targeting people from Muslim-majority countries. The impacts were swift; refugees who had completed the exhaustive approval process and families who had prepared for months to reunite with loved ones suddenly saw America’s doors closed to them. Americans of all walks of life were appalled, and thousands gathered at airports to protest. 

Though the ban has since been through many iterations and multiple court cases, it continues to needlessly keep families separated and unable to find a safe haven in the U.S. The IRC applauds the Biden Administration for reversing this unnecessary and discriminatory policy on day one.

Maha, a refugee from Iraq and new American citizen, sits on a park bench in Queens, NY, holding a book on the U.S. citizenship test.

“My husband applied and was given permission—he had begun to prepare himself to come here,” says Maha, a refugee from Iraq and new American citizen whose family was divided by the 2017 travel ban. “Then suddenly, they said to him, ‘you are refused.’ This has happened to a lot of Iraqi families.”

Photo: Andrew Oberstadt/IRC

Support “Dreamers:” Reinstate Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) 

Updated: January 20, 2021

The Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (“DACA”) program, introduced in 2012, created a fair and necessary safeguard for hundreds of thousands of young people brought to the U.S. as children (a group sometimes referred to as “Dreamers”). Over 800,000 young people have benefited from the program. 

DACA came into the crosshairs of the Trump Administration early on, as officials questioned its legality and attempted to end it all together. Even though the Supreme Court ordered the administration to resume DACA for the time being, court challenges from the program's opponents continue to loom. 

The Biden Administration took concrete action on day one to preserve and fortify protections for “Dreamers.” Now, it is up to Congress to act, by passing a permanent solution so that these young people no longer have to worry about being separated from their families or from their homes.

Lupe, a DACA recipient is wearing a red sweater with her hair in a ponytail. She is looking at the camera and standing in front of a white background.

“I have to prepare for my future, but I have to be aware that my plans for my future may not happen,” said Lupe, a DACA recipient and youth leader originally from Mexico who spoke to the IRC last year.

How you can help

It’s going to take all of us to rebuild the United States’s tradition of welcome once and for all. Join us today by telling President Biden to take action for refugees.

Looking to go above and beyond? Sign up to become a monthly donor to the IRC or find out how you can volunteer to help refugees in your community.

Refugees welcome

Thank the Biden Administration for beginning to restore America’s legacy of welcome.